At present, the proportion of female infertility is rising. There are many reasons for this condition, but the main reason is usually problems with the endocrine system, muscles, and organs.
Hormonal problems are one of the most common causes of ovulation. Ovulation depends on the balance of hormones and interactions. Any interruption in this process may prevent ovulation. Some endocrine disorders can cause female infertility:
Ovulation disorders: Irregular or completely irregular menstrual cycles. This ability results in infertility in approximately 25% of infertile couples. This is just the result of abnormal regulation of reproductive hormones by hypothalamus or pituitary or ovarian problems that may cause this disease.
Polycystic ovary syndrome: This phenomenon is due to female hormone imbalance, which hinders the development of follicles, and the eggs cannot mature, so there is no ovulation. This can lead to menstrual disorders, amenorrhea, hirsutism, acne, overweight, hair loss… Polycystic ovary syndrome is also related to insulin resistance, leading to overweight and obesity. Obesity, diabetes. Therefore, when female infertility is suspected, this pathology is the main reason.
There are many reasons for the failure of conception.
Hypothalamic dysfunction: The two hormones responsible for the monthly ovulation stimulation produced by the pituitary gland are FSH and LH. Excessive stress, overweight, obesity, malnutrition or excessive weight gain/loss in a short period of time will cause the body to interrupt the production of these hormones and affect ovulation and cycle. period. Irregular menstruation… leads to difficulty in conception.
Premature ovarian failure: When this happens, women usually experience irregular menstrual cycles, osteoporosis, depression, anxiety and other symptoms. The most dangerous thing is that it will affect reproductive health and even infertility. As ovarian function declines, egg quality, fertility, and implantability also decline. This disease, also known as primary ovarian failure, is caused by an autoimmune response or a genetic decrease in the number of eggs or chemotherapy… When the ovaries are no longer able to nourish and release eggs, it is not only suitable for women who are unable to ovulate to become pregnant Because I am 40 years old, the secretion of estrogen has decreased in the past few years, and there are many other systemic diseases.
There are also some endocrine diseases that affect female reproductive function, such as: hypopituitarism, hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, adrenal gland disease (adrenal insufficiency, also called adrenal tumor), shell tumor). Adrenal glands), diabetes or pre-diabetes…
Reproductive organ diseases
Endometriosis: A disease in which the endometrium grows outside the uterus. It changes the structure and anatomy of the ovary and pelvis, and affects the ability to conceive.
Endometritis: Inflammation of the uterus, usually due to some non-sterile intervention procedures, such as abortion, biopsy, IUD insertion, IUD removal. If endometritis is not adequately treated, it can lead to dangerous complications, such as sepsis, uterine adhesions, inflammation of the appendages that cause fallopian tube adhesions, and ultimately infertility due to non-stop bleeding. Uterus. sperm. If you encounter a fertilized egg, the fertilized egg cannot return to the uterus for implantation, and the uterus cannot guarantee the nesting function of the egg.
Endometrial polyps: Endometrial polyps are one of the main causes of female infertility. When the polyps are large or there are many polyps, it will affect the movement of sperm and the implantation of eggs.
Endometrial cancer: A cancer that develops from the endometrium and is characterized by abnormal vaginal bleeding, excessive discharge, odor, and pelvic pain. Cancers that are not detected early may require removal of part or all of the uterus.
Uterine adhesions: This is a phenomenon in which the bottom layer of the endometrium is damaged, causing the front and back walls of the uterus to stick together. This is called uterine adhesion, which prevents the egg from implanting after conception.
Ovarian cancer: Most patients with ovarian cancer are found too late, requiring surgical resection and chemotherapy, leading to infertility.
Oviduct obstruction: The fallopian tube can be partially or completely blocked, slowing or preventing sperm from reaching the egg, thereby preventing conception.
Gynecological diseases that cause infertility
Vaginitis: Vaginitis is a disease caused by parasites, fungi, or other types of cervical ectropion. Women suffering from vaginitis can cause changes in the pH of the vagina and changes in the vaginal environment, which is not conducive to the process of sperm entering the egg to fertilize it.